Agriculture Embraces Sustainable Farming

Sustainable Farming for the Future

American farmers and ranchers use new technologies that allow them to reduce the use of water, fertilizers and pesticides, while increasing agricultural production.

This commentary is a reflection of American farming and ranching that incorporates sustainable practices to ensure the future of domestic food production.

Written by Vincent “Zippy” Duvall, President of American Farm Bureau Federation, who is a poultry, cattle and hay producer from Georgia.  This commentary is adapted from the April 19, 2023 edition of his column, The Zipline, which appears online at; it also appeared in AgAlert on April 26, 2023.

I’m a third-generation farmer. I love that it’s natural for farmers to speak of our calling in terms of generations. Just that word “generation” hints at a bigger story to tell, the story of how we adapt and change to keep fulfilling our calling and caring for our land.

As we have commemorated another Earth Day on March 22, it is important to note that sustainable practices are just what we do on the farm because we understand that we are caretakers of the land for a time. While some farmers may be the first generation in their family to care for the land, no one wants to be the last.

I wouldn’t be the third generation on my farm, and there surely wouldn’t be a fourth to follow, if we still farmed the exact way my grandfather did.

Now, I don’t mean any disrespect to my grandfather and all the hard-working generations that came before. They worked hard and did their best with the tools available to them. They didn’t have the chance to see the strides we could make thanks to innovation and technology.

The past 40 years in agriculture alone have changed the landscape, for the better. I believe my father and grandfather would be very proud of how my son and I are restoring the land they passed on.

Agriculture gets a lot of attention in discussions about climate and sustainability, and unfortunately, some unfair blame as well. But the facts are clear: Agriculture is just 10% of overall emissions in the U.S., according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

That statistic surprises some folks who have been led to believe agriculture’s share is much higher. The truth is, this stat just skims the surface of our sustainability gains and where we can go next.

American farmers and ranchers are leading the world in climate-smart practices. From using smarter farm equipment and precision agricultural tools to embracing biotechnology, farmers today use less water, fertilizer and pesticides as they grow the food, fiber and fuel we depend on.

For decades, farmers have adopted conservation practices that help us use less water, reduce soil tillage and keep nutrients in the fields. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, 90% of farmers have employed irrigation management and system updates to help conserve water.

The same survey from USDA shows that more than 80% of farmland is managed with reduced-till or no-till practices, and nearly two-thirds of farmers use cover crops.

Farmers also play a leading role in growing the crops we turn into renewable fuel, increasing our energy independence and reducing emissions. In 2021 alone, use of ethanol and biodiesel reduced annual greenhouse gas emissions by 95 million metric tons. That’s equal to taking 33 million cars off the road.

Again, that’s just part of the story. Sustainability isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach, but it does matter to farms of all sizes, in all regions.

At Farm Bureau, we have collected stories from across the country to offer just a snapshot of how farmers are fulfilling our commitment to care for our land, air and water. Check out and click through our interactive map to learn more. I’m pleased to report that we’re regularly adding stories to the map from farms across the country.

While agriculture’s overall share of emissions has held relatively steady in recent years, our productivity continues to increase. Just 30 years ago, it would have taken 100 million more acres to produce the same amount of crops that farmers are growing today.

Farmers are proud to meet the demands of our growing nation and world, but we cannot do this work alone.

We need partners in our sustainability work, from our shared public investment through farm bill programs to innovative programs led by food companies that treat farmers as partners. We also need a renewed commitment by our nation to invest in research and development that help future generations make strides that we can barely dream of today.

On Earth Day and every day, I am proud to be the third generation entrusted to care for my family’s farmland. I know there are millions of farmers and farm families around the country who share that same feeling.

Sustainability is at the heart of what we do, and we aren’t finished yet. Together, we can ensure that generations to come answer the call to grow safe and sustainable food, fiber and fuel supplies for our nation and our world.